22考研英语语法和情态动词

2021-03-30 11:07:28 文章来源:专业课透明计划

shall,will,should,would:这几个词都可用作助动词,但有时有一定的意思,接近一个情态动词:

a.will 主要用来构成将来时态,可用于多个人称(will not常可紧缩为won"t):

When will you be back? 你什么时候回来?

I'll let you know in a day or two.一两天后我将通知你。

They won't let you down. 他们不会让你失望的。

b.shall主要用在第一人称作主语的问句中,征求对方意见:

shall I wait for you?我要不要等你?

Shall we meet again tomorrow?

明天咱们要不要再碰头?

How shall I help you?我该怎么帮助你?

c.would 主要用来构成过去将来时态,可用于多个人称:

I knew you would agree.

我知道你会同意的。

I asked if he would come and join us. 

我问他是否愿意来参加我们的活动。

I said that I would arrange everything.

我说我会安排一切的。

也可用来提出请求、看法等:

Would you please look over my essay? 

可否劳驾看一遍我的文章?

What would you like?你想要什么?

I'd go there with you. 我愿和你一道去。

还可用在虚拟条件句中:

I would do it if I could. 

如果我有能力我会这样做的。

If he were in town, he'd help. 

如果他在城里,他会帮忙的。

d.should 间或还用来构成过去将来时(但大多数人已改用would),用在第一人称后:

We(I) never thought we (I) should(would) see you again. 我们以为不会再见到你了。

The weather report said that we should have rain.

天气预报说会下雨。

目前更多用来表示“应当”(a)或用在某些从句中(b):

a.You should do it for your own good.

为了你自己好,你应当去做。

b.He wrote,suggesting that we should go to Paris.

他来信了,建议我们去巴黎。

It is dreadful that they should be so miserable.

他们竟然这样悲惨,太可怕了。

以上就是“22考研英语语法和情态动词”的所有内容,

希望能帮到正在考研的你。